Archive for Author Mary Naikumi

About the Author: Mary Naikumi
Mary naikumi is a lecturer at mbarara university of science and technology.it is located in mbarara uganda. She holds a masters degree in curriclum,media and instruction of makerere university kampala uganda.currently teaching curriculum and instruction to first year students at the faculty of science at the university. Areas of interest in research include: Education and Technology Use of ICT in schools Approaches to learning And many more.
Author Website: http://www.must.ac.ug

Common Symptoms Of Genital Herpes In People

Venereal diseases impact various organs of the physical body, and can cause serious complications if not treated in good time. The overall potential for neonatal illness from asymptomatic shedding in a woman with a history of genital HSV contamination is predicted to be significantly less than 4 in 10,000 (ie, 1% risk of asymptomatic dropping multiplied by the up to 4% threat of transmission). A total of 18 babies developed neonatal HSV through the scholarly review period, for an interest rate of 1 1 per 3200 of all deliveries and 5% (10 in 202) of all mothers losing HSV at delivery. The sensitivity of HSV culture is related to the HSV type and the positioning from which the culture is considered.

genital herpes pictures anusOnce a major infection of genital herpes has subsided your symptoms will disappear, but HSV will stay dormant (inactive) in a close by nerve. Repeated microbe infections of genital herpes are usually shorter and less severe than key attacks. days and, in most cases, you shall not have any of the other symptoms that are associated with a primary infections, such as a fever or generally feeling unwell. The virus is very contagious and spreads in one person to another through skin-to-skin contact, such as during vaginal, anal or oral sex.

Referencing a previous outbreak, Paul Lunn, BVMS, MS, PhD, and currently the dean of the College of Veterinary Drugs at North Carolina State University, said symptoms might not arise till after 7-10 days from initial exposure. Horses may begin showing symptoms by running a temperature of higher than 101.5. If you see a fever with no evident explanation, that should increase your anxiety level. Numbness and tingling down the leg and arm or about your trunk is one of the first symptoms of shingles. These symptoms normally arise without a fever and usually appear before or combined with the start of the rash. Als je een aanval hebt van herpes (blaasjes), hou je ze best zo droog mogelijk.

On a rational level I realized that getting herpes got nothing in connection with my activities and didn’t say anything about my figure; it was simply luck of the get. Rebuilding my sense of do it yourself was harder than recovering from the symptoms of my first outbreak, which only lasted about a full week . 5, because of Valtrex and a huge amount of Extra-Strength Tylenol.

However, a cure for herpes has been recently developed through intensive research. This may help infected people to treat, remove, and eliminate herpes without medications naturally. You may transfer herpes to some other part of the body if you touch the fluids from the sores. It is abundant with anti-oxidants and is one of the best home remedies for herpes sores.

Al Gore Goes Vegan

genital herpes stagesSee Herpes Simplex Infections: TEST THOROUGHLY YOUR Knowledge , a Critical Images slideshow, for more information on medical, histologic, and radiographic imaging findings in HSV-1 and HSV-2. The vinegar’s light acid will cause a bit of an burning sensation, however the herpes outbreak should get rid of in 2-3 times. So, don’t imagine what you read in the news ever, about anything, from what I have learned they can be terribly inaccurate!!! I have got Genital Herpes for approximately 7 years but was only diagnosed this past year I had been devastated once it was proved thought my entire life was over, I had developed come out of a long term relationship, met someone a season later, but he was diabetic I had formed told him about my problem, I just thought risk was too ideal for him.

The Mayo Medical center suggests that anyone who is sexually effective with uninfected erotic associates or who experience numerous herpes outbreaks take these medications daily. According to the CDC, more women get genital herpes than men because male-to-female transmission of the virus is more likely. Following a prodrome come the herpes blisters, which are similar on men and women.

Un traitement précoce avec un antiviral dental ou avec une crème non spécifique, anesthésiante ou antivirale peut réduire la durée de l’éruption et, parfois, celle de la douleur. Herpes simplex infections can range from being a life-long nuisance or embarrassment with persistent cold sores, to causing blindness, death in children even. But he and a study team at LSUHSC now, are making international media by exploring a completely different way to assault herpes simplex. MAOI prescriptions have side results and the experts don’t believe the existing ones on the market are ready to be utilized to prevent herpes.

Should be fine. Must also have a good mental attitude and faith in your final decision and the treatment. Among all the effects experienced by women and men, Wellbutrin withdrawal symptoms of putting on weight, fatigue, irritability and head pain will be the most common. Moringa has many benefits for the help, cure and protection of numerous diseases and because of this it is known as the Tree of Life. Gluten free homemade dog treat formula ideas will help you to find fun foods to provide your dog and steer clear of the symptoms that include eating foods that cause allergy symptoms. Tremadone essential tremor treatment is a medicine that is proven to help parents with this movement disorder.

The chance of your baby getting herpes is much higher if you have your first genital herpes outbreak nearby the time of delivery. If your partner has herpes and there is no need it, be sure to work with condoms during sexual activity at all times. There are numerous natural treatments for fertility, including Vitex, soy isoflavones, and maca root. Deciding to truly have a child late in life can be difficult so here I discuss what are the probability of conceiving a child at 44. I did so succeed myself but this is after tons of analysis and research. Many natural labor inducing remedies are being used to receive the labor and delivery started out.

If you have any inquiries concerning the place and how to use herpes cure news, you can get in touch with us at the site.

TRENDS IN CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN UGANDA

The organization of schooling and further education has long been the idea of Curriculum.
It is not a new development, it is has only been altered through the years. The conceptualization and theorization of the term “ Curriculum” suffers alterations in both meaning and context. This means that the idea of Curriculum generates an idea of organized learning.
However context of Education theory still offers parameters for definitions to be formulated and made.
To the Greek, Curriculum meant a running chariot which literally meant a course.
“Currere” was to run.
Keer a British scholar offered a definition: “All the learning which is planned and guided by the school, this may happen in groups or at individual level, inside or outside the school.
The following are basic in appreciating the term “Curriculum”
A field of Study (Curriculum Studies) : An academic and theory expert picks interest in Curriculum as a field of study.
A discipline in the academic field, the discipline has theories that define its frame work and also define its bonders. This qualifies the discipline to be a body of knowledge.
A Social and development expert projects interest in Curriculum as a working document to achieve objectives of a project. Social and development experts derive meaning of this term from activities and change projects to be implemented and achieve set goals, aims and objectives.
In the School setting the term “Curriculum” is viewed as the time tabled and non timetabled, experiences, activities that are designed and offered to a group of individuals with an ability to learn them and cause change of behavior among those individuals. In a School the Curriculum is experienced as a time table lesson, an activity in the field for sports and games, Meals and assemblies plus all the experiences that learners go through all their school time.

CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN UGANDA
Introduction:
Formal education fostered the chronological development of Curriculum in Uganda.
Tracking education in Uganda allows us to address the issues in both settings, thus the informal seting of education in Ugandan societies and the formal settings in the ideas of the western world and understanding.
The Traditional Understanding of Education:
In Uganda traditionally , Education of children and the young reflected an informal shape and arrangement. The Curriculum of that time was centered at the needs of society. This we call a life skills based Curriculum. To the “traditionists” the significance of education and acquisition of skills and knowledge was to create a self sustaining adult. The competence was in the ability to meet the basic need of Man, thus food, shelter, clothing and security. The Core elements were survival techniques of the time. Main Curricular areas were hunting, apprenticeship, Fruit gathering, Cultural rites for various age groups and occurrences such as death and famine and security.
The Curriculum was indigenous in nature, it drew its content from the experiences of life, the targeted groups were the “ insiders” of the very society that offered the Curriculum. This enabled the education product to blend well with the environment and the beneficiaries of the education system.
The methods of instruction had much to do with the experiences of field experts, one was not a teacher until that point when the Community approved of them and their ability to teach.
The learners were taught from life time experience as the source of knowledge. They were given tasks to under – take and the results determined the level of success.
The practical aspect had much weight compared to the theory.

Missionary education era
The organization of education procedures in Uganda started with the Missionaries (1900-1925).
They set up educational centers in the various regions of the country.
The target was to introduce skills in writing, reading and counting.
The first beneficiaries were sons to local chiefs and were taught religion in addition to the general Curriculum.
Colonial government 1925-1962
In 1925 the colonial government set up a department of education in an effort to centralize and monitor funding to education. Before the establishment of this department four commissions had been in charge of education issues in the country.
 Phelps –Stokes Commission
 Education Ordinance of 1924
 The colonial office Advisory Committee
 Advisory Committee on African Education
The commissions were put in place to iron out the differences among the missionary groups that were providing education in the country. The Curriculum at that time was service and agricultural based and farm Schools were opened at Bukalasa for the central and south region and Serere for the far east and north parts of the country. About the same time post primary technical schools were set up, and their graduates were teachers, clerks and office messengers of various cadres. Administration of Schools was in the hands of the Colonial masters through the missionary groups that were in charge of the daily affairs of the schools.
Post-colonial era
The year 1973, saw the establishment of a formal body to take care of curricular issues in the country. It was code named the National Curriculum Development Center (NCDC).
• It is charged with planning, designing, developing Curricular at all levels of education in Uganda.
• Monitor and Implement innovations like new syllabus, new methods of teaching extra
• Organize and manage training of teachers in curricular issues
• Design, develop and dispatching teaching materials.
• Evaluate the methods and teaching materials on ground.
The National Curriculum development center is still the major Curriculum developer in Uganda.
It charges other institutions such as the National Council for higher education with responsibilities to monitor academic standards in higher institutions of learning such as Universities and Colleges.
Many innovative programs have been natured in partnership with the National Curriculum development Center to improve given aspects in the education sector. Below is a list common innovative Programs running in the Country:
Universal Primary Education program (1997)
Affirmative Action for Special Categories ( 1994)
Special Needs Education (1996-1997)
Private Sponsorship in public Universities (1994), pioneered at Makerere University
The Ministry of Education and Sports has and is still coming up with many programs as innovations with the education system.
References
Okello.v. and Ochieng, m.k (1996) Curriculum Studies
Farrant J.SA (1980), Principals and Practice of Education
Ministry of Education and Sports policy documents ( 1992 ,1999)

TECHOLOGY IN EDUCATION

Technology in Education:
We begin by understanding the term Technology.
The other important question is what is education?
When talking about technology in education, we assume that technology refers to devices, thus digital and non digital that have the potential to communicate content in the teaching and learning situation.
This understanding is however coming in with the twenty first centaury mind and exposure.
The implication is that the context in which one is leads to their understanding of the terms “Technology in Education” which is seemingly different from the traditional term and understanding of “education technology”.
The term “Technology in Education” suggests to us that technology are a set of tools that are used in the classroom or to be realistic in the teaching and learning situations and these are not limited to a classroom in a traditional sense.
Twenty first centaury developments have impacted on almost every circle of life if not all. In the case of education, developments in technology have fostered the growth of improved means of service delivery and content delivery, knowledge access and acquisition and the ability to share and build and benefit from different education experiences from all over the world. This is power of technology.
Technology in education has implications for the whole education set up, thus the learners, teachers, parents, institutions/schools and government officials and the governing bodies plus all the support organizations in terms of education.
The question to each party is: How ready are you for “technology in education?”
Technology in education focuses on the use and application of technologically driven devices in teaching and learning. Example of the latest device is the Computer.
The question to a school director/headteacher or the investor in education, is your institution driven by technology? This is the definition of a “modern School”. In a modern School all most all aspects are digitalized. The School for example has a web site with links to all departments and contacts within the school. In terms of management the school needs to have a data base in which all vital and relevant information is kept.
Are the teachers techno literate?
In this era, the learners are typically born in a digital era and by two years of age many are already exposed to one or more forms of digital devices in Uganda.
The question of digital literacy is a challenge to the parents of the generation before the incorporation of computer technologies in Uganda. The term “BBC” to mean “ born before Computers”.
In uganda today we are challenged with the “ Teacher’s strike”, the question is how can we use technology to reduce on the number of physical contact hours between the teacher and the learners?
This will shift the education expense burden to the parent who will be required to set up a study room at home or a virtual study environment by buying a computer with a web camera and a head set to enable the learner to interact with their teacher or instructor on –line. The shift has to enable us change our mind set to the way we learn and also manage the learning processes.
Having teachers strike in this generation is a wake -up call to all of us Ugandans, what options do we have to improve the working conditions of teachers in our Schools, is the use of technology an option?
What are the issues?
A return to the drawing board, this will enable the education ministry to address the new challenges of which is the teachers strike.
We need to look at our target group for the education service, these are the learners in primary schools, what is there need? This will enable to reprogram and repackage the Curriculum offered to suit our challenges of many hours of work with inadequate pay. The primary school program has to change to suit in a half day program for government aided schools. In any case the parent sacrificing in the private school is actually paying for the hours the child spends at school.
The teachers also need to be prepared for that kind of program to enable them begin to plan and be creative in class to teach strategically to cause learning to happen in a half day program.
What happens with the learners then? They have to be taught how to learn and acquire knowledge by themselves with the support and aid of technological devices that are relatively available now.
The challenge of rural settings where accessibility and power supply are key issues, the solar alternative and other forms of renewable energy can be explored. The school computer rooms and facilities should be improved to support self study and collective responsibility of the learners and the community should be encouraged to reduce on the number of teachers who are fully occupied by the school program all day.
Kearsley 2000 presents that designing an on line Curriculum begins with careful analysis of the students, understanding their cognitive, affective and psychomotor skill levels. He further recommends studies to be done about the learners computing abilities and learning environment.
This will require Uganda and the responsible ministries to re think about the management of the education service in government aided schools and the conversion of part of the Curriculum for the afternoon into a web based Curricular that is friendly and manageable by the education environment in our country.
Is it feasible to have learners attend school for half day, in government aided schools such that the pay to the teacher is some how commensurate to the effort in terms of hours this teacher in a government aided school is putting in.
Alternatively we ran a duo system unique to Uganda, half day program funded by government and half day funded by the parents.
Actually Curriculum experts can be called upon to design educational programs that suit the challenges Uganda is experiencing as a country.
The issue of Curriculum programming has not been handled well, what we have today is a Curriculum that creates a lot of dependency on the teacher and we are now suffering the consequences of such an arrangement, where learners can not do independent studies and require the presence of a teacher twenty four seven.
There is need to change the set up of educational experiences that are offered by teachers and schools to take up those that create independent minds and open minded individuals for a better community.
What is that behind the saying “if Germans came to Uganda and the Ugandans went to German then the economy of Germany will drop and that of Uganda will rise. “ It is the mind – set of the Uganda ‘s population. So can we change and encourage others to change to.
Just think about it, Government has no money to add on to the teachers pay this financial year and probably in the near future. What sustainable strategy do have to carry on with the education of our children.
In actual sense it is the children of the poor and less privileged or what one can call the children of the government who are suffering the strike. Those who are private learners are in School and carrying on their studies.
Reading the signals right tells us that education is an expensive investment that requires massive human and physical capital that is now a heavy burden to government.
The recommendation is education should be left to the private sector but regulated by government if we are to realize expected benefits.
Further analysis of the term “Technology in Education” takes one to a more practical aspect of the very term thus generating another term “instructional technology” this term is also defined to refer to how learners across all ages learn.
It introduces the following aspects of critical analysis:
The design of the technology
The design of the technology and the way it is used to deliver material
The process the technology uses to deliver the material
The management of the technology to deliver the material or content
The evaluation of the technology in delivering the material/ content.
At this point the questions about the technology are projected to the efficiency of that technology to achieve the expected out come.

Technology in Education:
We begin by understanding the term Technology.
The other important question is what is education?
When talking about technology in education, we assume that technology refers to devices, thus digital and non digital that have the potential to communicate content in the teaching and learning situation.
This understanding is however coming in with the twenty first centaury mind and exposure.
The implication is that the context in which one is leads to their understanding of the terms “Technology in Education” which is seemingly different from the traditional term and understanding of “education technology”.
The term “Technology in Education” suggests to us that technology are a set of tools that are used in the classroom or to be realistic in the teaching and learning situations and these are not limited to a classroom in a traditional sense.
Twenty first centaury developments have impacted on almost every circle of life if not all. In the case of education, developments in technology have fostered the growth of improved means of service delivery and content delivery, knowledge access and acquisition and the ability to share and build and benefit from different education experiences from all over the world. This is power of technology.
Technology in education has implications for the whole education set up, thus the learners, teachers, parents, institutions/schools and government officials and the governing bodies plus all the support organizations in terms of education.
The question to each party is: How ready are you for “technology in education?”
Technology in education focuses on the use and application of technologically driven devices in teaching and learning. Example of the latest device is the Computer.
The question to a school director/headteacher or the investor in education, is your institution driven by technology? This is the definition of a “modern School”. In a modern School all most all aspects are digitalized. The School for example has a web site with links to all departments and contacts within the school. In terms of management the school needs to have a data base in which all vital and relevant information is kept.
Are the teachers techno literate?
In this era, the learners are typically born in a digital era and by two years of age many are already exposed to one or more forms of digital devices in Uganda.
The question of digital literacy is a challenge to the parents of the generation before the incorporation of computer technologies in Uganda. The term “BBC” to mean “ born before Computers”.
In uganda today we are challenged with the “ Teacher’s strike”, the question is how can we use technology to reduce on the number of physical contact hours between the teacher and the learners?
This will shift the education expense burden to the parent who will be required to set up a study room at home or a virtual study environment by buying a computer with a web camera and a head set to enable the learner to interact with their teacher or instructor on –line. The shift has to enable us change our mind set to the way we learn and also manage the learning processes.
Having teachers strike in this generation is a wake -up call to all of us Ugandans, what options do we have to improve the working conditions of teachers in our Schools, is the use of technology an option?
What are the issues?
A return to the drawing board, this will enable the education ministry to address the new challenges of which is the teachers strike.
We need to look at our target group for the education service, these are the learners in primary schools, what is there need? This will enable to reprogram and repackage the Curriculum offered to suit our challenges of many hours of work with inadequate pay. The primary school program has to change to suit in a half day program for government aided schools. In any case the parent sacrificing in the private school is actually paying for the hours the child spends at school.
The teachers also need to be prepared for that kind of program to enable them begin to plan and be creative in class to teach strategically to cause learning to happen in a half day program.
What happens with the learners then? They have to be taught how to learn and acquire knowledge by themselves with the support and aid of technological devices that are relatively available now.
The challenge of rural settings where accessibility and power supply are key issues, the solar alternative and other forms of renewable energy can be explored. The school computer rooms and facilities should be improved to support self study and collective responsibility of the learners and the community should be encouraged to reduce on the number of teachers who are fully occupied by the school program all day.
Kearsley 2000 presents that designing an on line Curriculum begins with careful analysis of the students, understanding their cognitive, affective and psychomotor skill levels. He further recommends studies to be done about the learners computing abilities and learning environment.
This will require Uganda and the responsible ministries to re think about the management of the education service in government aided schools and the conversion of part of the Curriculum for the afternoon into a web based Curricular that is friendly and manageable by the education environment in our country.
Is it feasible to have learners attend school for half day, in government aided schools such that the pay to the teacher is some how commensurate to the effort in terms of hours this teacher in a government aided school is putting in.
Alternatively we ran a duo system unique to Uganda, half day program funded by government and half day funded by the parents.
Actually Curriculum experts can be called upon to design educational programs that suit the challenges Uganda is experiencing as a country.
The issue of Curriculum programming has not been handled well, what we have today is a Curriculum that creates a lot of dependency on the teacher and we are now suffering the consequences of such an arrangement, where learners can not do independent studies and require the presence of a teacher twenty four seven.
There is need to change the set up of educational experiences that are offered by teachers and schools to take up those that create independent minds and open minded individuals for a better community.
What is that behind the saying “if Germans came to Uganda and the Ugandans went to German then the economy of Germany will drop and that of Uganda will rise. “ It is the mind – set of the Uganda ‘s population. So can we change and encourage others to change to.
Just think about it, Government has no money to add on to the teachers pay this financial year and probably in the near future. What sustainable strategy do have to carry on with the education of our children.
In actual sense it is the children of the poor and less privileged or what one can call the children of the government who are suffering the strike. Those who are private learners are in School and carrying on their studies.
Reading the signals right tells us that education is an expensive investment that requires massive human and physical capital that is now a heavy burden to government.
The recommendation is education should be left to the private sector but regulated by government if we are to realize expected benefits.
Further analysis of the term “Technology in Education” takes one to a more practical aspect of the very term thus generating another term “instructional technology” this term is also defined to refer to how learners across all ages learn.
It introduces the following aspects of critical analysis:
The design of the technology
The design of the technology and the way it is used to deliver material
The process the technology uses to deliver the material
The management of the technology to deliver the material or content
The evaluation of the technology in delivering the material/ content.
At this point the questions about the technology are projected to the efficiency of that technology to achieve the expected out come.

WHAT CAN WE SHARE IN EDUCATION

Skills and experiences in handling different topics in class.
Its very hard for a teacher to know and teach efficiently in class every topic well so those topics he can not teach well than others in class he can share experiences with other teachers and acquire skills on how to pass on information to the students.

Knowledge
teachers can also share information that is either tradition based or digitalised on the web servers. This can help us to be updated with every technological development around us .
Discipline.
The teaching of computer studies in schools has come with very many challenges which have to be ironed out. Teachers can share ideas concerning discipline on how students can conduct them selves in the computer laboratory (computer laboratory rules).
Instructions.
Teachers can share instruction materials to be used in the classroom environment with others most especially in when it comes to the teaching of topics which require tangible teaching aids for example computer Hard ware.
Lesson notes and planning.
Lesson notes can be shared among the teachers teaching the same subject no matter the distance or place of location between them nationally or globally using the internet.
Handling mixed abilities.
Experiences can be shared between teachers on how to handle slow learners or less exposed learners and those who are more exposed during teaching in class between teachers.
Physical education activities.
Skills on hoe to develop the minds on the students in the class, how to make them them think big beyond their environments can be shared between teachers.
News.
Teachers can share news of what is happening in other areas of the world or how other teachers are handling the same topic or challenges when teaching a given topic.

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